The development policies of the Joko Widodo administration focus strongly on efforts to reduce inequality.
Right now, the Gini ratio, which measures inequality in income and wealth, stands at 0.39 in Indonesia.
“Inequality jumped rapidly twice [in recent Indonesian history]. The first rise in the Gini ratio was in 2006, and then in 2011. It was above 0.4 for a while, before it went below 0.4 in 2016,” said National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) head Bambang S. Brodjonegoro.
Three other indicators of development – unemployment, poverty and human development – have all seen positive strides.
Bambang pointed out that the unemployment rate had been going down steadily over the past 16 years. It is currently at 5.33 percent, while back in 2000, it stood at 8.34 percent.
“That is equivalent to about 7.1 million people of the total workforce today,” Bambang said on Sept. 9 during a media event called Forum Merdeka Barat 9 ( FMB9 ), as quoted by tribunnews.com.
Meanwhile, the poverty rate currently stands at 10.64 percent with 27.77 million people considered poor, down from a rate of 19.14 percent in 2000, or 38.74 million Indonesians.
One of the government’s strategies to reduce all this inequality is to ensure access to basic services for all, such as by making sure all children have birth certificates.
“If a child doesn’t have a birth certificate, it will be hard for the government to provide help, because the basics include birth certificates,” Bambang said.