Poverty is still a major problem in Indonesia. According to statistics from the National Development Planning Ministry, the poverty rate in Indonesia stands at 10.64 percent.
Speaking at the Forum Merdeka Barat 9 media gathering in Jakarta on Sept. 8, National Development Planning Minister Bambang Brodjonegoro said the government was planning to reduce the nation’s poverty rate down to 10 percent in the coming year.
The ultimate goal is to ensure that all citizens have the same standard of living. If that happens, then the social justice element of Pancasila will be fully realized.
“In a constitutional state, there are no first-class citizens or second-class citizens. There are only citizens of the Republic of Indonesia,” as President Joko Widodo said on Aug. 9, as quoted by Kompas.com.
That is why the government is rolling out a number of primary policy decisions, such as accelerating infrastructure development. This includes building national highways, toll roads and airports, especially outside of the island of Java, to ensure that development is equally divided across the archipelago.
In health care, the government is relying on its National Health Insurance (JKN) program, while in education, it is fighting poverty through its Smart Indonesia Card (KIP) program. Its People’s Business Credit (KUR) is similarly aimed at increasing the people’s credit opportunities.